They are large in size, their tail is longer than their head+body length, sexual maturity attended in 8 to 12 weeks. Body weighs up to 150-200gms. Rat cause severe diseases like rat bite fever, Laptospirosis, Plague, Trichinosis, Salmonellosis and also food poisoning.
The anticoagulant rodenticides are used. The poison will be mixed in food material & baiting is done. Baiting will be done only for outside compound premises.Trapping is done by using Scissor Traps, Wonder Traps, Cages & Glue boards.Sound environmental sanitation is the most effective strategy. Rats required three things food, water & shelter. If these are denied rats will naturally decrease in density.
Baiting is done for outside premises. Glue Boards, Wonder Traps, Cages & Scissor Traps are placed to inside premises by inspection the run way of rats.The Trapping is done by inspecting the runway of rodents & will be done for inside premises; if necessary it will be done for outside premises also.